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Transition from school to the community can mean many things: finding a job, starting a certificate program, entering community college, attending a four-year program etc. Transition also means changes to supports, such as health care, social security benefits, where to live, and many other areas of life. Most importantly, it means making decisions for one's self and self-determination. You will find resources on all of these topics and more in this section.

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Posted on 07/20/2015

Adolescent Mental Health in the United States

June 2009

Adolescence is a critical period for mental, social, and emotional wellbeing and development. During adolescence, the brain undergoes significant developmental changes, establishing neural pathways and behavior patterns that will last into adulthood.

Posted on 07/20/2015

Anxiety Disorders

Everyone experiences anxiety as a response to stress from time to time, even children. Mild anxiety can help a young person cope with a difficult or challenging situation, such as taking an exam, by channeling that anxiety into positive behaviors, e.g., reviewing course material ahead of time in order to prepare for the exam. However, when anxiety is constantly present and appears to be an irrational fear of familiar activities or situations, then it is no longer a coping mechanism but rather a disabling condition (National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, n.d.).

Posted on 07/20/2015

Better Solutions for Youth with Mental Health Needs in the Juvenile Justice System

Many of these youth are unnecessarily placed in or referred to the juvenile justice system for relatively minor, non-violent offenses, often in a misguided attempt to obtain treatment services that are lacking in the community.6 However, the unfortunate irony of this approach is that the mental health services typically available to youth in the juvenile justice system are often inadequate or simply unavailable, as documented by a series of investigations conducted by the U.S. Department of Justice.

Posted on 07/20/2015

Bullying Prevention and Friendship Promotion

Bullying is considered one of the most common forms of violence in schools and as such, most schools have adopted programs to reduce bullying and create emotionally and physically safe places contexts for learning (Espelage & Swearer, 2003; National Center for Mental Health Promotion and Youth Violence Prevention, 2009). Approximately one in three students ages 12–18 years report being bullied during the past year, with peak ages being 11–13. Forty nine states have passed anti-bullying laws (http://

Posted on 07/20/2015

Childhood Obesity

Childhood obesity is defined as is a condition in which excessive body fat negatively affects a child’s overall health or well-being across all environments, including home, school, and the community. Obesity is further defined as an individual with a body mass index at or above the 95th percentile for children of the same age and gender. The most common causes are genetic factors or family history of obesity; decreased participation in physical activities; unhealthy eating patterns or behaviors; and, in rare cases, medical conditions.

Posted on 07/20/2015


Everyone feels sad or “blue” at times, even children and teens. However, youth who experience prolonged and variable periods of sadness may have a more serious medical condition, such as major depressive or dysthymic disorders. Depression is classified as a mood disorder with cyclical symptoms that can disappear and reappear. These symptoms can interfere with a young person’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, resulting in difficulties with occupational performance and overall well-being. 

Posted on 07/20/2015

Employer's Pocket Guide on Youth Employment

Through the YouthRules! initiative, the U.S. Department of Labor and its strategic partners seek to promote positive and safe work experiences for young workers. YouthRules! strives to educate teens, parents, educators, employers and the public on Federal and State rules regarding young workers. Components of the initiative include a website (, printed materials like this guide, outreach events, training seminars, and partnering activities. 

Posted on 07/20/2015

From Promise to Practice:

Mental Health Models that Work for Children and Youth

This Toolkit highlights effective prevention and intervention strategies for children, from birth to young adulthood, with an emphasis on meeting the mental health and related needs of children and youth in the foster care and juvenile justice systems. It is not meant to address all youth mental health issues and treatment models. Rather, our goal is to emphasize what we consider to be the most effective, and most promising, family- and community-based treatment models that improve mental health and related outcomes for children and youth living within, or returning to, those families and communities. 

Posted on 07/20/2015

Grief and Loss

Grief is conflicting feelings caused by a change in or an end to a familiar pattern of behavior (James, Friedman, & Landon Matthews, 2001).This broad definition encompasses a wide variety of losses that might result in grieving, including death of a loved one (e.g., parent, friend), parental divorce, a major move, death of a pet, military deployment of a parent, or loss of function as a result of illness or injury. 

Posted on 07/20/2015

Integrating Mental Health into Chronic Disease Prevention Strategies for Youth:

An Opportunity for Change

Health agencies play a vital role in promoting, protecting and improving the health of youth. As childhood and adolescent obesity, asthma and diabetes rates have steadily climbed, that role has increasingly focused on the growing chronic disease prevention needs of this population.

Posted on 07/20/2015

Pathways for Youth Employment: Federal Resources for Employers

In February 2014, President Obama launched the My Brother’s Keeper initiative to address persistent opportunity gaps facing boys and young men of color and ensure that all young people can reach their full potential. Across the country, elected officials, business leaders, non-profits, foundations and local school systems are also stepping up to answer the President’s call to action to implement their own cradle-to-college-and-career strategies for improving the life outcomes of all young people. 

Posted on 07/20/2015

Preparing Youth for Careers, Lifelong Learning, and Civic Participation

This overview paper is designed for practitioners in both the public and non-governmental sectors who design and implement youth employment and youth development programs, the policymakers who support them, and others who wish to: n learn more about principles and characteristics of leading youth development programs now operating in the United States; and n identify components or entire programs which may be transferable or applicable to non-American societies and additional communities in the United States

Posted on 07/20/2015

Promoting Strengths in Children and Youth

Occupational Therapy Practitioners use meaningful activities to help children and youth participate in what they need and or want to do in order to promote physical and mental health and well-being. Occupational therapy practitioners focus on participation in the following areas: education, play and leisure, social participation, activities of daily living (ADLs; e.g., eating, dressing, hygiene), instrumental activities of daily living (e.g., meal preparation, shopping), sleep and rest, and work

Posted on 07/20/2015

Social and Emotional Learning (SEL)

Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) is defined as a process for helping children gain critical skills for life effectiveness, such as developing positive relationships, behaving ethically, and handling challenging situations effectively (Zins et al., 2007). Specifically, strategies that foster SEL help children to recognize and manage emotions, think about their feelings and how they should act, and regulate behavior based on thoughtful decision making. 

Posted on 07/20/2015

Systems of Mental Health Care for Youth in Foster Care

Winter 2012

The current issue of CYF news is dedicated to providing a meaningful discussion of the myriad of issues related to the mental health of youth in foster care. It is not likely new information to find that youth in foster care are vulnerable to maladjustment given their exposure to both significant events that led to removal from their homes and the process itself of being in foster care. What is new perhaps is the fact that despite the clear and compelling evidence that youth in foster care demonstrate both short and long-term, clinically significant mental health problems, the process or systems created to meet the mental health need are rarely reviewed

Posted on 06/26/2015

National Technical Assistance Center on Transition

June, 2015 - Volume 1 Ussue 2

The National Technical Assistance Center on Transition (NTACT), funded by the
U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs and
Rehabilitation Services Administration, began its work in January 2015. Our
purpose is to assist SEAs, LEAs, State VR agencies, and other VR service providers
to implement evidence-based and promising practices (EBPPs) to ensure
students with disabilities, including those with significant disabilities, stay in
school, progress in school, and graduate with knowledge, skills, and supports
needed to succeed in postsecondary education and employment.

Posted on 06/10/2015

A shared path to success

A parent's guide to special education services for school-age children. 

Posted on 06/10/2015

Communication with the Corrections System: What Should Parents Know?

A brief guideline for parents of children with mental health, behavioral, cognitive, or learning disabilities 

Posted on 06/10/2015

Encouraging Active Parent Participation in IEP Team Meetings

Now answer these questions honestly: Are parents equal partners with you in the education of students with disabilities? Do you actively invite parents, accommodate their schedules, and welcome their differing cultural contributions? Are you aware of cultural and linguistic team processes or environments that might make parents uncomfortable? Are you wondering how to improve parent participation in your decision-making processes?

Posted on 06/10/2015

IEP Team Meeting: A guide to participation for parents

Parents and guardians of school-age children with disabilities need to be familiar with relevant regulations and procedures for developing an IEP to fully participate in IEP development and long-term planning. Similarly, students who have attained legal adult status in their state and have assumed responsibility for their own IEP need information to assure informed participation at their IEP meetings. 

Posted on 06/10/2015

Parents’ Experiences with the IEP Process Considerations for Improving Practice

This document contains recommendations from the reviewed literature for strengthening the IEP process and promoting a positive experience for all stakeholders. These recommendations suggest a framework for developing best-practice guidelines for ensuring active parent participation in IEP meetings. By encouraging greater parent-educator collaboration, these recommendations are intended to create strong partnerships for the ultimate benefit of the students. They are broken into three categories: considerations for schools and educators, considerations for parents and considerations for CLD families. 

Posted on 06/10/2015

Parents’ Experiences with the IEP Process Considerations for Improving Practice

This document contains recommendations from the reviewed literature for strengthening the IEP process and promoting a positive experience for all stakeholders. These recommendations suggest a framework for developing best-practice guidelines for ensuring active parent participation in IEP meetings. By encouraging greater parent-educator collaboration, these recommendations are intended to create strong partnerships for the ultimate benefit of the students. They are broken into three categories: considerations for schools and educators, considerations for parents and considerations for CLD families. 

Posted on 06/10/2015

What Youth Need to Know if They Are Questioned by Police

This fact sheet contains a brief summary of information for parents of children or youth with disabilities at risk for arrest by police at school or in the community.

Posted on 06/10/2015

Your IEP Meeting: A Great Place to Practice Self-Advocacy Skills

Self-advocacy is a key step in becoming an adult. It means looking out for yourself, telling others what you need, and knowing how to take responsibility. No one is born knowing these skills. Self-advocacy skills are needed over a lifetime, and everyone has to learn them. Here is some great information that can start you on your way

Posted on 06/10/2015

Youth Development & Leadership

Youth who participate in YD/YL experiences are more likely to do well in school, be involved in their community, and transition positively through adolescence to adulthood. 

Posted on 06/09/2015

Am I learning to lead

This self-assessment is designed to help you look at how you’re growing as a leader. When you’re involved in a program, it’s hard to know how much you’re growing as a person. You may feel like a program has a big impact on your life, but you may not be sure how. That’s where tools like this are important. Instead of being centered on what program staff do, this focuses on YOU. Who better to tell us what you’re getting out of the program than you? The goal is to get you and the staff you work with talking about where you’re doing great and what other things you need to practice.

Posted on 06/09/2015

Career-focused mentoring for youth: The what, why, and how

When asked to describe an ideal employee, attributes such as being a hard worker, a team player, and a good communicator are frequently cited by employers as being even more important than technical expertise. According, however, to a recent survey of 461 employers conducted by the Conference Board, Corporate Voices for Working Families, the Partnership for 21st Century Skills, and the Society for Human Resources many new entrants to the workforce lack these important skills. These business leaders reported that while the three "R's" are still fundamental to every employee's ability to do the job, knowledge of applied skills is even more important. (Are They Really Ready to Work? Employers' Perspectives on the Basic Knowledge and Applied Skills of New Entrants to the 21st Century U.S. Workforce (2006)).

Posted on 06/09/2015

Creating Mentoring Opportunities for Youth with Disabilities: Issues and Suggested Strategies

Mentoring can have a dramatic impact on a young person’s life. Despite the increasing prevalence and importance of mentoring programs for youth in general, few of these programs, to date, intentionally include youth with disabilities

Posted on 06/09/2015

Disability knowledge and identity self-assessment

This tool was designed to find out what you know about disability history, culture, community, and policy. The goal of this assessment is to help programs that work with youth and emerging leaders with disabilities figure out what kind of job they’re doing in educating about disability issues. It is also designed to help programs that work with youth and emerging leaders with disabilities identify program strengths and opportunities.

Posted on 06/09/2015

Dropout prevention and youth with disabilities: The role of mentors

Children with disabilities are statistically more likely to drop out of school. According to research, mentorship and mentoring programs are successful at keeping students with disabilities from dropping out of high school. Statistics show that when students feel they are part of a community and receive guidance and support for their future dreams, they are more likely to stay in school. 

Posted on 06/09/2015

Information Brief:

Youth development and leadership

It is no longer adequate to gauge a young person’s potential for success by looking at the negative indicators in their lives. Instead, the National Consortium on Leadership and Disability for Youth (NCLD-Youth) wants to take a positive youth development perspective and see what are the supports, activities, and outcomes that young people need in order to be positively engaged in their communities

Posted on 06/09/2015

Internships: The on-ramp to employment

A guide for students with disabilities to getting and making the most of an internship

The National Consortium on Leadership and Disability/Youth (NCLD-Youth) is a youth-led resource, information, and training center run for and by youth and emerging leaders with developmental disabilities. The program is housed at the Institute for Educational Leadership alongside its sister center, The National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability/Youth (NCWD-Youth), the primary author of Paving the Road to Work: A Guide to Career Focused Mentoring for Youth with Disabilities.

Posted on 06/09/2015

The power of mentoring

Since learning through example is itself at the core of the mentoring process, let’s begin by doing just that. A pilot project undertaken by the Center for Independent Living of Western Wisconsin (CILWW) in Menomonie, Wisconsin, serves as a ready model. This venture was supported in part by financial assistance from the Wisconsin Council on Developmental Disabilities and the Waisman Center’s Healthy and Ready to Work Project at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. CILWW was chosen as a project site because of its 25-year history providing peer support as one of its core services.

Posted on 06/08/2015

Getting to work

Promoting Employment of People with Mental Illness

This report describes the need for supported employment services, how these services work, the successful
outcomes they secure, the cost savings that they enable states to realize, and the legal obligations that they help states fulfill. It also offers recommendations for states interested in expanding the availability of supported employment services for people with serious mental illness.

Posted on 06/08/2015

Given Time It Worked

Positive outcomes from a SSDI benefit offset pilot after the initial evaluation period

Ellie Hartman, Program Manager with Wisconsin PROMISE co-wrote this article that highlights positive outcomes from a SSDI benefit offset pilot after the initial evaluation period. The Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) Employment Pilot in Wisconsin was one of four Social Security Administration authorized pilots to test a cash benefit offset feature for the SSDI program. Those allowed to use the offset only lost US$1 of their SSDI cash benefit for every US$2 earned when their monthly earnings reached the Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA) level after completing the Trial Work Period (TWP).

Posted on 06/01/2015

On the job: Stories from youth with disabilities

Jobs help youth explore their strengths and interests, develop relationships in the community, formulate their future goals, and learn important workplace skills.

Posted on 06/01/2015

The Post-High School Outcomes of Youth With Disabilities up to 4 Years After High School

At various times in history, changes in economic and social conditions have generated a reconsideration of how best to characterize the life stages through which most individuals in a society progress. Increasingly, researchers contend that changes in the latter part of the 20th century and the early 21st century have brought us to another such time of reconsideration (e.g., Fussell and Furstenberg 2005). They suggest that, among other social shifts, an increasing emphasis on postsecondary education and the growing struggles postadolescents face in becoming economically self-sufficient elongate or postpone the transitions usually associated with adulthood—“completion of schooling, movement from the parental household, entrance into the labor force, formation of partnerships, and the onset of childbearing and parenting” (Furstenberg, Rumbaut, and Settersten 2005, p. 7). Recognizing this reality, a growing body of research focuses on the period of “early adulthood” as distinct from adolescence and full adulthood (e.g., Arnett 2002; 2001). 

Posted on 05/14/2015

Strategies for Recruiting and Retaining Participants in Prevention Programs

Recruiting and retaining youth and families in prevention programs can some? times be difficult. Poor recruitment and retention can undermine the success of even the strongest program; programs cannot have a favorable impact if people don’t participate.

Posted on 05/11/2015

Postsecondary Education and Employment Outcomes for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities

Think College - Fast Facts

Individuals who participate in postsecondary education have better jobs. Youth with intellectual disabilities have the lowest rates of education, work, or preparation for work after high school of all disability groups. Nationally, there is a growing interest in postsecondary education as a way to improve employment and other key life areas for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). Vocational Rehabilitation agencies can play an important role by supporting the inclusion of individuals with ID in postsecondary education and including it in their Individualized Plan for Employment (IPE).

Posted on 05/08/2015

Understanding 504 Plans

If your child has learning and attention issues and is struggling in school, you may be curious about 504 plans. If your child doesn’t qualify for an Individualized Education Program (IEP), a 504 plan may be a good alternative.

Posted on 05/08/2015

Workforce Wednesday: Do's and Don'ts for Youth Summer Job-seekers

Summer is right around the corner, and that means Utah’s teenagers are looking for summer jobs. Thanks to strong job growth we’ve consistently seen in the economy, opportunities abound for young job-seekers. But some simple mistakes could hamper your job search—just as some easy actions could give you a leg up.

Posted on 04/22/2015

Texas Teen With Down Syndrome's Reaction to Getting 1st Job Will Make You Smile

Texas Teen With Down Syndrome's Reaction to Getting 1st Job Will Make You Smile

Posted on 04/09/2015

PROMISE Newsletter

December Edition - Volume 1

PROMISE TA Center newsletter on "Family Engagement"

Posted on 04/06/2015

The Youth Transition Demonstration: Lifting Employment Barriers for Youth with Disabilities

The transition to adulthood for youth with disabilities can be especially difficult. Besides the host of issues facing all youth at this age, young people with disabilities face unique challenges related to health, social isolation, service needs, the potential loss of benefits, and lack of access to supports (Osgood et al. 2010). These challenges complicate their planning for future education and work, often leading to poor education and employment outcomes, dependence on public programs, and a possible lifetime of poverty (Davies et al. 2009).

Posted on 04/05/2015

Preparing Students with Disabilities for School-to-Work Transition and Postschool Life

Preparing students with disabilities for the workforce requires a comprehensive transdisciplinary vocational assessment and an emphasis on postschool planning.

Posted on 04/01/2015

A Parent's Guide to Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism is a group of developmental brain disorders, collectively called autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The term “spectrum” refers to the wide range of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment, or disability, that children with ASD can have. Some children are mildly impaired by their symptoms, but others are severely disabled.

Posted on 04/01/2015

Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 1 in 88 children has been identified with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). CDC’s estimate comes from the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network, which monitors the number of 8-year-old children with ASDs living in diverse communities throughout the United States.

Posted on 04/01/2015

Autism Spectrum Disorders:

Primer for Parents and Educators

As one of many NASP public service programs,the Center fosters best practices in education and mental health by providing information on topics affecting today’s youth, families, and schools.

Posted on 04/01/2015

Healthy Smiles for Autism

The National Museum of Dentistry develops unique learning opportunities to teach you and your children how to have a healthy mouth for life. Oral health is an important part of overall health. Due to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s recent report on the number of children with autism spectrum disorder in the United States, the museum discovered a need to offer parents of children with autism spectrum disorder assistance. This guide empowers parents by providing tools to effectively teach a lifelong oral health routine and prepare for a child’s first dental visit.

Posted on 04/01/2015

Welcome to the Autistic Community!

This document was supported in part by a cooperative agreement from the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Administration for Community Living, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Grantees undertaking projects under government sponsorship are encouraged to express freely their findings and conclusions. Points of view or opinions do not, therefore, necessarily represent official Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities policy.

Posted on 03/27/2015

What can you do?

The campaign for disability employment

This is the question that “Who I Am” was created to address. “Who I Am” features nine real people with disabilities. Rather than be defined by disability, these individuals are the sum of their many life roles — which includes working in jobs they love.

Posted on 03/18/2015

A Guide for Professionals Serving Youth with Educational and Career Development Challenges

A key strategy in all the projects was to build bridges among workforce development organizations (schools, rehabilitation agencies, youth development organizations, One-Stops Centers) for the purpose of providing a set of quality services to youth based on person-centered planning. The organizations responsible for the pilot projects recognized the importance of arming youth, as well as themselves, with as much information as possible about personal goals, career interests, skills, and knowledge in order to assist the young people in making informed choices about their future. Knowing how to ensure that quality assessments occurred was identified as a common need.

Posted on 03/18/2015

AAC Basic and Implementation:

How to Teach Students who "Talk with Technology

Who We Are:
The Colorado Department of Education’s school-based SWAAAC (Statewide Assistive Technology, Augmentative and Alternative Communication) teams provide multidisciplinary assistive technology services in school districts around the state to enable students with disabilities to have equal access to the curriculum and full participation in their education and classroom.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Assistive Technology

Assistive technology devices are identified in IDEA 2004 as: "Any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of children with disabilities."

Posted on 03/18/2015

Culturally Responsive Positive Behavioral Support Matters

In this What Matters brief, we explore the critical role of addressing and supporting behavior and socialization in schools as educators, students, families, schools, and communities embrace the waves of diversity that surge through our schools and institutional systems.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Effective Interventions in Droupout Prevention:

A Practice Brief for Educators

Preventing youth from dropping out of school is an enormous challenge for school systems, especially students who display aggressive behaviors at school. While many aspects of managing student behavior in the classroom are challenging, chronic and severe aggressive behaviors are most difficult to manage. The aggressive student is often characterized as verbally (i.e., defiant, use of profane and negative language) and physically (e.g., fighting, spitting, biting, hitting) abusive towards teachers and students.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Fair and Effective Discipline for All Students:

Best Practice Strategies for Educators

Disciplining students, particularly those with chronic or serious behavior problems, is a longstanding challenge for educators. They must balance the needs of the school community andbthose of the individual student. At the heart of this challenge is the use of punitive versus supportive disciplinary practices.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Handbook for Implementing a Comprehensive Work-Based Learning Program:

According to the Fair Labor Standards Act

Work-Based Learning (WBL) is an effective approach in delivering career and technical education and training to youth with disabilities. The WBL approach provides these services in community workplace settings rather than in conventional school environments. Because, WBL activities take place in workplace settings, they must comply with the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) administered through the U.S. Department of Labor and state labor laws.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Health Care Transition:

for Youth with Disabilities and Chronic Health Conditions

The increasing number of youth with disabilities and chronic health conditions surviving into adulthood has necessitated a shift in the approach to educational, health, employment, and independent living services. The emphasis has shifted toward ensuring inclusion and full participation of individuals with disabilities and chronic health conditions in education, meaningful employment, and community living. To achieve these goals as adults,youth with disabilities and chronic health conditions may require support and services to help them transition in all aspects of their adult lives, including employment, independent living, and health care. The receipt of adequate health care is a vital component of this vision. Health affects all aspects of life—school, community, and job success are all associated with health.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Healthy Transitions:

A Pathway to Employment for Youth with Chronic Health Conditions and Other Disabilities

All youth need to be connected to programs, services, activities, and supports that prepare them for meaningful post-secondary school options, enhance their ability to manage their physical, mental, and emotional well-being, and develop life-readiness skills to make informed choices. This is especially true for youth with disabilities, including those with chronic health conditions.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Impact of Social Media on Adolescent Behavioral Health California

Teenagers throughout the country regularly use the internet, cell phones, and video games gather information and communicate with others.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Increasing the Participation of Young Adults with Disabilities in Apprenticeship Programs

Apprenticeship programs offer young adults, including those with disabilities, a career pathway that provides employment as the individual learns on the job. Individuals who successfully complete an apprenticeship program become journey level workers and receive a widely recognized credential of skills attainment.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Independent Living for Children

In Out-Of-Home Care

The purpose of the independent living advisory committee was to advise the Division of Children and Family Services on the Division’s programs and policies on independent living services for youth exiting care at age 18.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Individuals with Intellectual and/ or Developmental Disabilities:

Use of Assistive Technology Device in Support Provision

During a four-year period, from 1988–1992, two significant events occurred that greatly influenced assistive technology (AT) and intellectual disability: the passage by Congress of the Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988 and publication by the American Association on Intellectual and Development Disabilities (AAIDD) of Mental Retardation: Definition, Classification, and Systems of Supports(Luckasson et al. 1992), which emphasized the importance of support provision. In the years since, the two (AT and support provision) have been aligned closely.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Living Your Life:

Recreation for People with Disabilities

When people with disabilities are creating their everyday to-do list, we prioritize a lot of things over fun. Leisure isn’t something that we get to put at the top of our list most of the time. Sometimes we have to remind ourselves that recreation is important, and we must make it a part of our lives!

Posted on 03/18/2015

Moving into Adulthood for Youth with Disabilities Serious Health Concerns

For families with youth who have disabling conditions, the end of high school coincides with a number of changes for which they may be unprepared: school to work, home to independent living, pediatric to adult health care, among others. In their chapters in On Your Own without a Net: The Transition to Adulthood for Vulnerable Populations,edited by D. Wayne Osgood, E.Michael Foster, Constance Flanagan, and Gretchen Ruth (forthcoming, University of Chicago Press), Robert Blum, and Patience Haydock White and Leslie Gallay examine the needs of youth with disabilities and other serious health issues as they leave childhood for adulthood. This brief summarizes those findings.

Posted on 03/18/2015

National Resources for Parents of Children and Youth with Disabilities

Parents of youth with disabilities have unique opportunities to promote their successful transition to post-secondary education, employment and full adult participation in society.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Plotting the course for success

When you opened this workbook, you made an important decision. You, and another person in your life, have decided to enter a mentoring relationship. This is a serious commitment—one that requires you and the other person to have some very frank conversations and clear understandings before you engage in this relationship.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports:

Application of a Behavior Analytic Theory of Action

In 1996, the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), U.S. Department of Education, funded the National Technical Assistance Center& on Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) to assist schools apply "positive behavioral interventions and systems to achieve socially important behavior change"

Posted on 03/18/2015

Postive Behavior Support:

Learning to Prevent or Reduce Anxiety in Students

Positive Behavior Support (PBS) seeks to enhance the educational experience by reframing problem behaviors.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Preparing Youth and Young Adults for Apprenticeship Programs

Far too many youth, particularly those with disabilities, leave secondary education without a clear plan for post-secondary studies and careers. Youth with disabilities are half as likely as their peers to participate in post-secondary education.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Preventing the Use of Restraint and Seclusion with Young Children:

The Role of Effective, Positive Practices

Seclusion (involuntary confinement) is an extreme procedure that is not developmentally appropriate and should serve no purpose as an intervention with young children. In the authors' opinion, young children must never be alone in a room or isolated completely from social interaction.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Program Serving Transition-Aged Youth:

A Comparative Analysis of the U.S. and 10 Other Countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-Op

This report summarizes policies and programs of 10 countries in the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) that aim to improve the transition of youth with disabilities to appropriate and gainful employment.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Providing supports to youth with disabilities transitioning to adulthood:

Case descriptions from the Youth Transition Demonstration

Post-school employment rates for youth with significant disabilities remain intractably low. An important policy concern is whether youth who receive disability cash benefits from the Social Security Administration (SSA) are obtaining the necessary supports to make a successful transition to adult life. The SSA initiated the Youth Transition Demonstration (YTD) projects in an attempt to develop services and supports to assist youth in making a successful transition into adulthood. This article provides a detailed description of the intervention components for the YTD projects and presents three case descriptions to illustrate how youth can potentially benefit from these services. The selected cases in this paper illustrate the potential for youth with disabilities to leverage project services and move into employment.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Resource Directory:

for Children and Young Adults with Special Health Care Needs

This resource directory is for the families of children and young adults who have a serious illness or long-lasting condition for which they need extra healthcare and support services.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Schoolwide Positive Behavior Support:

Primary System and Practices

Schools need to identify observable, measurable, specific, and achievable annual outcomes, which will become the metric by which success of an intervention is judged.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Six Core Elements of Health Care Transition 2.0

Transitioning Youth to an Adult Health Care Provider

Got Transition is pleased to share this updated package of the Six Core Elements of Health Care Transition for use bypediatric, family medicine, and med-peds providers to benefit all youth, including those with special needs, as they transition from pediatric to adult-centered healthcare.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Supporting the Career Development of Youth with Learning Disabilities

A key strategy in all the projects was to build bridges among workforce development organization for the purpose of providing a set of quality services to youth based on person-centered planning.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Technology and Literacy for Adolescents with Disabilities

A sound decision-making framework can assist teachers in adopting and embracing current technologies and looking toward Web 3.0 in order to create universally accessible learning environments to advance literacy learning for all students, and especially students with disabilities.

Posted on 03/18/2015

The Affordable Care Act and Children and Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Other Dev

The Association of Maternal & Child Health Programs (AMCHP) supports state maternal and child health (MCH) programs and provides national leadership on issues affecting women and children.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Transition from Pediatrics to Adult Medical Systems:

for Young Adults with Disabilities or Special Health Care Needs

ACHIEVA is southwestern Pennsylvania’s largest provider of comprehensive services and supports for people with disabilities and their families. ACHIEVA serves more than 14,600 individuals with disabilities and their families and is the only agency of its type in southwestern Pennsylvania that provides lifelong supports. From early intervention therapies for infants to in-home support for medically fragile senior citizens, ACHIEVA provides a full spectrum of services for people of all ages and abilities and their families.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Transition Health Care Checklist:

Preparing for Life as an Adult

A resource to help youth and young adults with special health care needs and disabilities make a successful transition to adult living that includes their education, health and community living.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Transition to Adulthood:

A Health Care Guide for Youth and Families

This guide is intended to help young people with disabilities and their families plan for the transition to adulthood in health care contexts. It includes information on how to ensure that young adults have the support they need to make healthcare decisions, how to access continued healthcare coverage and decide which kind of coverage to get, and how to find an adult-oriented doctor.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Unleashing the Power of Innovation for Assistive Technology

The unprecedented increases in federal funding, coupled with new guidance from the U.S. Department of Education, school district purchasing power, and developments in consumer electronics, present an unparalleled opportunity to unleash the creative power of innovation to meet the needs of all students, particularly those with disabilities.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Using Apple Technology to Support Learning for Students with Sensory and Learning Disabilities

The science of learning seeks to understand the relationship between brain development, social interaction, and learning by drawing on the fields of psychology, neuroscience, machine learning, and education.This research holds great promise for improving our teaching practices for all students and helping us develop more effective approaches to teaching children with sensory and learning disabilities.

Posted on 03/18/2015

Youth Skills for LIFE

Independent Living Skills Curriculum

Research shows that there is a growing number of youth who are aging out of foster care without the needed independent living skill to survive as prosperous and productive citizens. These older youth are more likely to drop out of high school, have unplanned pregnancies, experience homelessness and a variety of other ailments of life due to the lack of skills needed to transition into adulthood.

Posted on 03/16/2015

A Guide to Community Employment and Rehabilitation Services

  • Determine if you are eligible for services
  • Explore what employment supports you need
  • Transition from school to work
  • Look for and identify job opportunities
  • Find a job and stay employed
  • Learn how to do your job
  • And more!

Posted on 03/16/2015

A Guide to Preparing Your Child with a Disability for Life Beyond High School

The opportunity to acquire a quality education is one of the most exciting advantages any young person could ask for. That’s why we send our children to school – so they can make the most of that opportunity and prepare themselves to become productive adults and valued members of the community. School is the place where children learn academic and social skills that can help them build a satisfying and independent life. No matter what environment that education takes place in – be it public (including charter schools), private, or home schooling – the purpose remains the same.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Advising High School Students with Disabilities on Postsecondary Options

Guidance and Career Counselor's Toolkit

This Toolkit is the result of careful collaboration over many months by staff, faculty, professionals, and consumers. Staff of the GW HEATH Resource Center gratefully acknowledges the following individuals for contributing so generously of their time, expertise, and insight. Each, in his or her own way, ensured a final product we are proud and eager to share not only with counselors who are guiding students toward options after high school, but to anyone interested in the prospects of students with disabilities to lead productive, self-determined, and independent lives.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Arkansas Rehabilitation Association

Scholarship information for Vocational Rehabilitation

Posted on 03/16/2015

Autistic Self Advovacy Network

Introduction. More than a third of youth with special health care needs have been diagnosed with a developmental, emotional, or behavioral disability or condition. Youth with developmental disabilities face numerous challenges with regard to main training effective and continuous health care as they reach adulthood. First, they must ensure that they maintain access to health coverage, either through public insurance programs (e.g., Medicaid) or through private insurance. Second, as legal adults, they must take on responsibility for managing their own health care, with appropriate supports. Third, they must secure age-appropriate health care and must transition from pediatric health care providers to adult-oriented providers or, in the context of family medicine, transition from a pediatric model of health care to an adult model of health care.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Benefits Counseling for Youth who receive SSI or SSDI

What are Goodwill’s Benefits Counseling Services for youth? Goodwill helps transition-aged youth (ages 14–21) understand and use applicable Social Security Administration (SSA) work incentives in support of employment and post-secondary goals identified in the Individualized Education Plan (IEP)

Posted on 03/16/2015

College Programs for students with intellectual and developmental disabilities

Results of a National Survey

Providing transition services for students with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) on a college campus creates opportunities for academic, vocational, and social skills instruction in a community setting with college-age peers. A survey conducted in 2008 of college programs in the U.S. for students with IDD ages 18–21 (Papay & Bambara, 2011) gathered information on these programs and the opportunities they provide.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Connect to Work Transition Resources for Adults and Youth with Disabilities

Illinois workNet Offers Helpful Disabilities Resources  - Work incentives planning and assistance  - Disability benefits and information  - Your rights and advocacy  - Youth in Transition

Posted on 03/16/2015

Credential Development in Inclusive Higher Education Programs Serving Students with Intellectual Dis

Insight - Think College

The term credential, in higher education, refers to a verification of qualification or competency issued to an individual by an accredited institute of higher education. The terms most commonly used for educational credentials are: diploma, certificate, and degree. When students complete coursework and master content they earn credits. Credit hours are the building block components for educational credentials. (US Department of Labor, nd) The value of a college credential is fairly well understood. In some cases the benefit is very clear, such as when a credential is required in order to work in a certain industry or occupation (nursing licenses, for example). In other cases, the value of holding a credential is less clear-cut. It is sometimes difficult to quantify how much a college credential contributes to a hiring advantage, higher earnings, enhanced job security, or advancement along a career pathway (US Department of Labor nd.)

Posted on 03/16/2015

Current Status of Meaningful Credentials for Students With Intellectual Disabilities

Attending TPSID Model Demonstration Programs

In 2010, the Office of Postsecondary Education awarded grants to 27 institutions of higher education (IHEs) to create or expand access to higher education for students with intellectual disabilities in 23 states. These model demonstration projects, known as Transition and Postsecondary Programs for Students with Intellectual Disabilities (TPSIDs), were asked to create meaningful credentials for students who completed their programs.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Disability Benefits Counseling

The Disability Benefit Specialist at Aging and Disability Resource Center Southwest Wisconsin—Iowa County offers benefits counseling for adults ages 18 to 59 with physical disabilities, developmental disabilities, mental illness and/or substance use disorders.

Posted on 03/16/2015

DORS: Rehabilitation Services Manual

This resources is for the state of Maryland. This is DORS Rehabilitation Services Manual.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Financial Planning for a child with disabilities

FINANCIAL PLANNING FOR A CHILD WITH DISABILITIES Parents who have a child with a physical or mental disability or a child with a potentially chronic illness must financially plan not only for immediate needs, but perhaps for the child’s entire life. Here are several financial planning issues you may need to consider.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Handbook for Vocational Rehabilitation Services

NYS Commission for the blind (NYSCB)

This resource is for New York State The NYSCB Handbook for Vocational Rehabilitation Services will familiarize you with the New York State Commission for the Blind Vocational Rehabilitation Program.The vocational rehabilitation program can provide you, as a legally blind individual in New York State, with assistance in achieving your goals as an independent, participating member of the community. NYSCB also administers other programs for individuals who are legally blind and who are not pursuing a vocational goal.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Helping Youth Transition from out-of-home care to adulthood

Minnesota’s county and tribal social workers have a responsibility to assist adolescents in out-ofhome care with preparation for successful adulthood. This work is required by Minnesota Statutes, section 260C.212 subdivision.1(c)(11). It is also good social work practice and acknowledges a primary adolescent need to discover self and gain autonomy. Minnesota statute requires that youth age 16 and older who are in out-of-home care because of a permanency disposition have an independent living plan. It is important to understand that an independent living plan does not conflict with, or replace the goal of achieving permanency for adolescents. In fact, youth who are state wards and youth whose permanency disposition is longterm foster care, should be the highest priority for county services that promotes preparation for independent living and permanency. These youth will leave child welfare system without the support of their birth families. It is the counties and tribes responsibility to assure that they leave out-of-home care with a high school diploma; employment and/or acceptable post-secondary education; health care coverage; a savings account; a safe and affordable place to live; a means of transportation; knowledge of community resources; and connections to positive adults and family members. The purpose of this practice guide is to provide social workers with the information and resources to do this work effectively.

Posted on 03/16/2015

How You Can Help Your Child Learn to Be a Good Self Advocate

It is never too early to start teaching your child how he or she can advocate for himself or herself. Like many other important life skills, self-advocacy is a critical tool your child needs in order to achieve goals, increase self-sufficiency, and become a successful young adult. It is a life long process that begins with your child learning by watching you, as a parent, be a good advocate.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Individualized Housing Options Resources Guide for Persons with Disabilities

Putting the pieces together one person at a time

"Create your vision for where you want to live" The Individualized Housing Options (IHO) guide will help a person discover housing options, plan a move, learn about help and supports and develop a person-centered housing support plan that is workable into the future. Many individuals with a disability want to move out of their family’s home, a foster care home, group home, nursing home or other institutional settings. They want to rent, lease, or own their own living space.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Leadership: A Guide for Promoting Leadership skills in youth with disabilities

One goal of the Natural Supports Project is finding and sharing new ways to encourage leadership opportunities for youth with disabilities. During the summer of 2009, the Natural Supports Project staff interviewed 32 young adult leaders with disabilities ages 18--30 to gather their perspectives on what makes someone a leader and to ask their advice on how to best support leadership development in youth with disabilities. This guide was developed to share their advice and strategies with families, school staff, other adults who work with youth, and with youth with disabilities who want to develop their leadership skills.

Posted on 03/16/2015

National Gateway to Self-Determination

The Impact of College on Self-Determination

To borrow a phrase from the poet Laura Hershey, "you get proud by practicing." Pride and belief in oneself are cultivated when young people have the opportunity to be in places and with people who support and promote that growth—safe places for them to "practice." College and university campuses are designed to be such places. These learning and living environments provide opportunities for growth in self-efficacy and self-determination which, in turn, foster increased confidence in the young people that attend.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Navigating Medicare and Medicaid

A resource guide for people with disabilities, their families, and their advocates

This guide explains the critical role Medicare and Medicaid have come to play in the lives and the futures of roughly 20 million children, adults, and seniors with disabilities—and gives people with disabilities new information to help them navigate these complex and confusing programs.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Opening Doords to Self-Determination Skills

Planning for Life After High School

Planning for Life After High School A Handbook for:  - Teachers  - Students  - School Counselors  - Parents

Posted on 03/16/2015

Post-School Outcomes for Transitioning Youth with Developmental Disabilities

Can we predict integrated employment?

While strides have certainly been made, youth with disabilities continue to have less than desirable post-school outcomes (Newman, Wagner, Cameto, & Knokey, 2009; Wagner, Newman, Cameto, Levine & Garza, 2006). Although youth with developmental disabilities typically stay in school longer than their peers and often receive costly long-term funded supports as adults, national surveys document dismal employment outcomes for adults with developmental disabilities (Butterworth, Smith, Hall, Migliore & Winsor, 2008; Migliore & Butterworth, 2008).

Posted on 03/16/2015

Promoting Increased Competitive Integrated Employment for Youth with Disabilities

Session Overview  - Why Employment matters  - Federal Investments  - How can we work together on this important policy area

Posted on 03/16/2015

Research to Pracxtice Brief

Self-Determination: Supporting Successful Transition

Self-determination is a concept reflecting the belief that all individuals have the right to direct their own lives. Students who have self-determination skills have a stronger chance of being successful in making the transition to adulthood, including employment and independence (Wehmeyer & Schwartz, 1997). Starting with the 1990 re-authorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)(P.L. 101-476), transition services must be based on student needs and take into account student interests and preferences. To accomplish this goal, students must be prepared to participate in planning for their future. Several curricula have been developed to address the need for self-determination skills among adolescents, including the skills needed to take control of the Individualized Education Program (IEP) process. Selected curricula are identified an described at the end of this brief.

Posted on 03/16/2015

School Help For Homeless Children with Disabilities: Information for Parents

If you and your family are dealing with homelessness, it might be tough enrolling your children in school and making sure they attend every day. If your children have special needs, the issues might be even tougher. For example:

  • You might not know whom to talk to about school services.
  • You might not know if your children’s problems in school are caused by a disability or the stress of being homeless.
  • You and your family might move from one temporary housing situation to another; or your children might change from one school to another.
  • You might have trouble finding time and transportation for meetings at school.
  • You might not understand the special education process. There are two laws that help make sure that homeless children and youth with disabilities can enroll and do well in school. Those laws are: 1) The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act; 2)The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Posted on 03/16/2015

Social Network Sites: Consider the benefits, concerns for you teenager

Social networking sites have become an integral part of today’s culture, especially for teens. Of the 65 percent of teens using sites such as Face-book and MySpace, 61 percent use them to send messages to their friends and 42 percent send messages to friends every day this way, according to a recent study by the Pew Internet & American Life Project.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Social Security: Benefits for Children with Disabilities

Our website,, is a valuable resource for information about all of Social Security’s programs. At our website, you also can:

  • Apply for retirement, disability and edicare benefits;
  • Review your Social Security Statement;
  • Get the address of your local Social Security office;
  • Request a replacement Medicare card; and
  • Find copies of our publications

Posted on 03/16/2015

SSA's Youth Transition Demonstration (YTD) Evaluation

Design, implement, and rigorously evaluate demonstration projects intended to -  - Improve transition outcomes for youth with disabilities (especially employment outcomes)  - Reduce dependency on SSI and SSDI

Posted on 03/16/2015

State Funded Housing Assisstance Programs

State Funded Housing Assistance Programs is intended to be a resource about the design and administration of housing assistance programs funded by states. This report grew out of questions from various State Mental Health Authorities (SMHA), including those participating in the Olmstead Policy Academy sponsored by the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), about ways that states are working to design and implement strategies to support people with mental illness and other disabilities in integrated settings.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Statewide Strategic Planning

Promoting Postsecondary Education Options for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

Inclusive postsecondary education (PSE) for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) has gained momentum nationally. While once a dream for youth with ID, many individuals are now attending college/university and receiving essential supports to enable their participation in the academic, social, residential, and recreational aspects of college life. Postsecondary opportunities vary by state, with activities ranging from strategic planning to pilot projects to established programs.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Successful Transition Models for Youth with Mental Health Needs:

A Guide for Workforce Professionals

This InfoBrief describes the systems' service barriers faced by youth with mental health need as they reach adulthood, while highlighting new models and strategies designed to break down those barriers and help them to transition successfully into the workplace.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Supporting Homeless Students with Disabilities: Implementing IDEA

Best Practices in Homesless Education

Over 1.35 million children and youth experience homelessness each year. These children and youth face challenges that include a lack of basic necessities (food, clothing, medical services); discontinuity of education due to mobility; and trauma caused by the chaos, poverty, and instability of their circumstances. Children and youth who are homeless face additional educational challenges when they have disabilities. Studies indicate that children who are homeless are twice as likely to have learning disabilities and three times as likely to have an emotional disturbance as children who are not homeless. Two federal laws that address the needs of homeless children and youth with disabilities are the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

Posted on 03/16/2015

Tips fot Transition


The Division on Career Development and Transition (DCDT) and the Transition Coalition have collected and disseminated these tips in an effort to enhance public access to information about transition activities. Our intention is to provide resources that are current and accurate. We do not endorse or promote any of the products, Web sites, or ideas presented in the tips. Although every attempt is made to ensure the accuracy of this information, we can make no guarantees. We will, of course, make every effort to correct errors brought to our attention. If you find an error in one of the tips listed, you may contact us. Any or all portions of this document may be reproduced without prior permission, provided the source is cited.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Transition and Postsecondary Education Programs for students with Intellectual Disability

A Pathway to Employment

Higher education leads to a variety of personal and financial benefits, and is an integral part of establishing a successful career path and enhancing earnings over a lifetime (Carnevale, Rose, & Cheah, 2011). However, up until recently, low expectations coupled with minimal opportunities have prevented people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) from receiving the benefits associated with higher education.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Transition Fair Toolkit

National Secondary Treansition Technical Assistance Center

The National Secondary Transition Technical Assistance Center (NSTTAC) developed this Transition Fair Toolkit to help state and local planning teams implement and evaluate a transition fair.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Transition Services

Helping Students with Disabilities move from school to adulthood

The transition process is designed to help students with disabilities move smoothly from school to adult life. Transitioning to adulthood is difficult regardless of a youth's abilities, so transition planning is key to ensuring success in adulthood for young people with disabilities. Adult services are very different from the services provided to students. There is no right to a job, day program or residence once your child leaves school, so early planning is essential!

Posted on 03/16/2015

Transitioning Youth with Mental Health Needs to Meaningful Employment and Independent Living

This research and report are the result of funding and guidance from the U.S. Department of Labor’s Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP). This report has also greatly benefited from the careful direction of Joan Wills and Curtis Richards at the National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability for Youth (NCWD/Youth). Both are committed to quality research and to information and tools that can be readily used by practitioners and policymakers to better serve youth with disabilities.

Posted on 03/16/2015

VCU: Work Incentive Planning and Assistance National Training Center

Part I. The Importance of Considering Social Security Disability Benefits in the Transition Planning Process. The successful transition of students with disabilities from school to work and full community participation is a major policy initiative within several federal agencies including the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Department of Labor. In recent years, school to work transition has also become a growing emphasis for the Social Security Administration (SSA). Since many students with disabilities are receiving Social Security disability benefits such as SSI or title II Childhood Disability Benefits (CDB), and so few become employed at substantial levels after completing school, it makes sense for the SSA to be an active partner in these initiatives.

Posted on 03/16/2015

Vocational Rehabilitation (VR): A Young Adult's Guide

Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Agencies are located in every US state. VR helps people with physical or mental health disabilities achieve employment and live independently by offering vocational counseling and related individualized services. The information below explains how young adults with serious mental health conditions can take advantage of the VR services in their state.

Posted on 03/16/2015

VR in South Dakota

Vocational Rehabilitation in South Dakota. Department of Human Services: Division of Rehabilitation Services & Division of Services to the Blind and Visually impaired.

Posted on 03/16/2015

VR Research in Brief

A partnership in career development for people with disabilities: Collaboration between vocational rehabilitation counselors and families.

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